Authentic Béchamel Sauce Jump to recipe

Authentic Béchamel Sauce

Discover the history and versatility of authentic béchamel sauce. Elevate your dishes with this creamy classic of French and global cuisine.

Authentic Béchamel sauce, often hailed as the foundational “mother sauce” of French gastronomy, is a smooth and versatile white concoction that has graced kitchens and delighted taste buds for centuries.
Its illustrious past and origins are deeply interwoven with the culinary customs of Europe, particularly in France, where it bears the name of its creator, Louis de Béchamel, a financier and confidant of King Louis XIV.


Authentic Béchamel Sauce

Cooking method: Boiling
Cuisine: French
Recipe keys: ButterFlour
Difficulty: beginner
Prep timeCook TimeRest TimeTotal Time
8 min 17 min - 25 min
Servings: 4 person
Calories: 127kcal
Best season: all

Historical Origins

The saga of Authentic béchamel sauce harks back to the 17th century, during the era of Louis XIV’s reign.
Louis de Béchamel, renowned for his refined tastes, significantly influenced French cuisine by popularizing this indulgent sauce.
While it’s worth noting that variations of white sauces predated Louis de Béchamel, his name became synonymous with this distinct preparation technique.

Origins and Evolution

The true birthplace of authentic béchamel sauce might extend beyond the confines of the French court. It is believed that the essential components of the saucebutter, flour, and milk—have ancient origins and were employed in various iterations across diverse cultures.
However, the magic of béchamel resides in the art of crafting a roux (a blend of butter and flour) as a foundation and gradually infusing milk to attain a sumptuously smooth consistency.

Authentic Béchamel Sauce Recipe
Discover the history and versatility of authentic béchamel sauce

Culinary Impact

The allure of béchamel sauce, with its simplicity and adaptability, established it as a cornerstone of French cookery. With time, it garnered recognition not solely for its standalone refinement but also as a building block for innumerable other sauces and dishes.
It laid the groundwork for creations like Mornay (béchamel with cheese), Nantua (béchamel with crayfish), and Soubise (béchamel with onion puree), underscoring its potential for culinary ingenuity.

Global Adoption

The appeal of béchamel sauce transcended France’s borders, permeating kitchens worldwide. It found a fundamental place in Italian lasagnas and cannelloni, Greek moussakas, and a plethora of international delicacies.
Its universal charm is attributed to its capacity to elevate ingredients while imparting a soothing, creamy texture.

Everlasting Legacy

In contemporary times, béchamel sauce continues to be extolled for its knack to metamorphose the ordinary into the extraordinary. Its versatility empowers chefs and home cooks to craft an array of dishes, from velvety pasta sauces to opulent casseroles.
Its storied history and role as the bedrock of French cuisine have firmly entrenched it in culinary heritage.

Closing Thoughts

Béchamel sauce, emerging from the annals of French aristocratic kitchens and steeped in history, encapsulates the essence of classical culinary techniques. Its odyssey, spanning from the kitchens of Louis de Béchamel to culinary corners around the globe, is a testament to the enduring allure of uncomplicated yet exquisite flavors.
As culinary trends evolve, the béchamel sauce stands as a testament to the grace and timelessness achievable with a handful of fundamental ingredients and a dash of culinary finesse.



  1. Gather all the ingredients and equipment needed before starting.

  2. In a medium-sized saucepan, melt the unsalted butter over medium heat.

  3. Once the butter is melted and bubbling gently, add the all-purpose flour.

  4. Stir continuously with a wooden spoon or a whisk.

  5. Cook for about 2-3 minutes until the mixture turns a pale golden color. This helps to remove the raw taste of the flour.

  6. Gradually pour in the milk while stirring constantly to avoid lumps. The mixture will thicken as you continue to stir.

  7. Add the salt, white pepper, and a pinch of ground nutmeg.

  8. Continue to stir and cook the sauce over low to medium heat until it thickens to the desired consistency.
    This usually takes around 5-10 minutes.

  9. Once the sauce has reached the desired thickness, remove the saucepan from the heat.

  10. Your béchamel sauce is now ready to use in various dishes.

    Enjoy, Good Appetite!

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